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Childhood Immunization: A Comprehensive Guide for Parents

Nov 29 2023 / Posted in Child nutrition

Immunisation serves as a safeguard, keeping families and communities secure. We safeguard the most vulnerable members of our community, particularly newborns through vaccination. . Immunisation is an essential and effective part of preventive Maternal And Child Health. It has helped safeguard millions of children from contagious and life-threatening illnesses throughout history.

More than half of the world's most vulnerable children continue to go without the immunisations they require to survive and live healthy lives.

Table of Content

Childhood Immunization: A Comprehensive Guide for Parents

Why is Immunisation important?

Duration and which immunisation



Why is Immunisation important?

We have listed below some of the major benefits of immunisation for children:

  • Vaccination saves lives. 

Modern vaccinations and drops have prevented kids from a wide range of potentially deadly infections.

  • Immunisation safeguards future generations.  

Immunisation has contributed to the eradication of certain crippling illnesses. Polio has now been eliminated from the country, ensuring that current and future generations will be free of it

  • Immunisation can save you money. 

Supporting a family member suffering from a preventable disease can be challenging in a country like India, where a major portion of the population comes from low-income families.

  • Immunisation is critical for protecting your family and friends. 

Many communicable illnesses are also avoidable. Sometimes the individual who becomes infected lives, but someone they know with weakened immunity may perish.

Duration and which immunisation 

  • Bacillus Calmette Guerin 

At birth, the newborn must be immunised against Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG). This is a single-dose vaccination that is injected into the upper arm. This vaccination provides TB protection.

  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) - 0 dose

This is the initial dosage given at birth to ensure proper Child Health. The second dose is given to your child at 6 weeks, the third dose at 10 weeks, and the last dose at 14 weeks.

This vaccination protects against the poliovirus, a highly contagious illness that infiltrates the nervous system and can result in complete paralysis. The virus typically affects youngsters aged five and under.

  • Pentavalent - 1

At 6 weeks old, this is the first dosage. The second dosage is given when your child is 10 weeks old, and the last dose is given when your child is 14 weeks old. Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Hepatitis B, and Hib are all protected by this vaccination.

  • Rotavirus Vaccine (RVV)

 This is the first of three treatments in the 6th week of birth. The second dosage is given when your child is 10 weeks old, and the last dose is given when your child is 14 weeks old. This vaccination protects against rotaviruses, the most prevalent cause of severe diarrhoea in newborns and young children.

  • Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)

 The first of two PCV treatments . The second dosage is given to your child when he or she is 14 weeks old. This vaccination protects against meningitis, septicemia, and pneumonia, as well as lesser diseases including sinusitis and otitis media. 

  • Inactivated Polio Vaccine (fIPV)

 The first of two fIPV injections is after the 6th week when your child is born. Your child will receive the second treatment at 14 weeks.This vaccination protects the Child Health against the poliovirus, a highly contagious viral illness that mostly affects children under the age of five. 

  • Adult Diphtheria with Tetanus (Td)

 This is a single-dose vaccination administered at the age of 16. The vaccination protects against tetanus, which can be caught by infected incisions or wounds containing Clostridium tetani spores.

Also Read:- No quick fix solutions for child stunting in India


It is critical to raise awareness about the importance of immunisation and ensure Maternal And Child Health. Parents should understand when and where to bring their children for vaccinations, the intervals between doses, and the significance of not missing a visit.